Cotton - World Supply and Demand Summary
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Minor cotton growing areas are spread throughout China, but the major growing areas are concentrated in the eastern region of the nation. The province of Xinjiang accounts for the greatest amount of cotton production, producing 21.5 percent of Chinas total cotton. Henan is the next largest cotton-producing province in China, producing 16.6 percent of the nations total. Cotton in China is planted from the first of April through mid-May. Cotton harvest will then begin around the first of September and should be completed around the end of October.
Cotton production in the United States is intermittently scattered throughout the states that make up the southern border of the United States. U.S. cotton is planted from around mid-March through the end of May. Harvest will then begin around the end of September and should be completed by mid-December.
In India, cotton is grown primarily in the western half of the nation, with the state of Punjab leading production at 18 percent. The state of Andhra Pradesh comes in second, accounting for 14 percent of the nations total cotton production. The crop calendar can be split in to two separate regions. In the northern regions of India, which contains mainly irrigated cotton, the crop is planted from mid-March through the end of June. The harvest will then begin around the end of September and will continue through the end of December. In the central and southern regions, which obtain their moisture primarily through rain, the planting season will begin near the end of May and will run through the end of July. Cotton harvest occupies the time frame from the first of November through the end of February.
Most of the cotton produced in Pakistan is grown in a belt along the eastern border of the nation. The province of Punjab accounts for the majority of the nations production, producing 85 percent of Pakistan's total cotton, while the province of Sind produces the other 15% of Pakistan's cotton. In Pakistan, cotton is planted from the 1st of June through the end of July. Harvest runs from the end of September through mid-December.
Turkey's major cotton growing areas lie predominantly in the western region of the country. Throughout the entire Middle East, cotton planting begins around mid-March and will generally run through mid-May. Cotton harvest can be expected to begin around mid-September and will conclude in mid-December.
Australia's primary cotton production areas lie in New South Wales and Queensland, along the eastern seaboard of the country. New South Whales produces the majority of the cotton in Australia, accounting for 77 percent of the nations total production, while Queensland chips in the other 23 percent of Australia's cotton production. Cotton in Australia is planted around the first of September, with planting running through the end of November. Harvest can be expected to begin around the first of April, with most of the cotton being picked by the end of June.
Most of the cotton grown in Brazil is raised in the eastern states. The state of Parana produces 43 percent of Brazils total cotton production, while Sao Paulo produces 21 percent of the nations total cotton. The planting season begins around September 1st and will continue through the end of November. Harvest will begin around the 1st of February and will conclude around the end of May.
In Greece, cotton is grown in small pockets throughout the entire country. The planting of cotton will usually begin around the 1st of March, and will conclude by mid-April. The harvest of cotton will then begin around the 1st of October and should be completed by the end of November.
Most of the cotton grown in Syria is grown in the northeast region of the country. The general planting season for Syria runs from mid-March through mid-May. Harvesting can be expected to run from mid-September through mid-December.
Cotton in Argentina is grown along the northeastern border of the nation, predominantly in the state of Chaco. Argentina's cotton planting begins around the beginning of October and will continue through the end of December. Harvest runs from mid-February through mid-July, depending on location.
Cotton production in Egypt is wholly centered on the lower Nile river delta. In the delta, planting begins around mid-March and runs through mid-May. Harvesting runs from mid-September through mid-December.
World Supply/Demand Summary
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