Sugar - World Supply and Demand Summary
To view a table of this data, click here. To view the data on an individual country, click on that country's name.
Although Europe is not often thought of as the sugar capital of the world, it surprisingly ranks in the top two in every category surveyed. The EU produces 30,555 TMT of sugar annually, almost twice that of India, the second largest producer. The EU also consumes 24,427 TMT of sugar annually, over 10,000 TMT more than India, the second largest consumer. The EU comes in as the second largest sugar importer in the world, importing a total of 4,013 TMT of sugar. In the export arena, the EU once again dominates with 10,149 TMT exported per year. When we look at all of these numbers we see that the EU is the dominating sugar area of the world.
India is ranked second in world raw sugar production, averaging an annual production of 16,156 thousand metric tons. India is also the second largest consumer of sugar in the world, averaging a consumption of 15,588 TMT. India is ranked fourteenth in exports, averaging 210 TMT, and they are ranked fifth in the world for imports, averaging 667 TMT.
Brazil, with 14,983 TMT produced, is ranked third in world sugar production. Average consumption of sugar is 8,443 TMT in Brazil, ranking them fifth in the world. Imports average only 9 TMT in Brazil, but exports average 6,573 TMT, making Brazil the second largest sugar exporter in the world.
China is ranked fourth in world sugar production, with an average of 7,440 TMT produced. Consumption in China works out to an average of 8,353 TMT consumed annually, and places them as the sixth largest consumer in the world. China is the fourth largest importer, averaging 1,409 TMT imported, and they are the tenth largest exporter with 554 TMT exported.
The United States is ranked fifth overall for world sugar production and fourth overall in average sugar consumption. In an average year, the U.S. produces 7,205 TMT of sugar while consuming 8,786 TMT of sugar. The United States makes up for its large consumption by importing an average of 1,918 TMT of sugar, making it the world's third largest importer. The U.S. will export 270 TMT of sugar in an annual year.
Thailand is the sixth largest producer of sugar in the world and the twelfth largest consumer. Thailand produces 5,287 TMT a year and consumes 1,643 TMT, leaving plenty of room to export sugar. In fact, Thailand imports no sugar, and exports 3,650 TMT annually, making them the world's fourth largest exporter.
Australia is ranked seventh in average world production of sugar, producing an average of 5,194 TMT. At the same time, Australia averages only 916 TMT a year of sugar consumption, placing them in prime position to be a major sugar exporter. In fact, Australia is the world's third largest exporter, averaging 4,223 TMT a year. Imports, however, are only 2 TMT during the course of an average year.
Confederation of Independant States
The CIS is the world's eighth largest sugar producer, coming in with an average of 5,152 TMT produced annually. Consumption of sugar in the CIS is 9,863 TMT per year, making them the world's third largest sugar consuming nation. Since production is exceeded by consumption, the CIS is forced to import a large amount of sugar. So much sugar, that the CIS is the world's largest sugar importer with an average importation of 6,181 TMT. The CIS will also, during the course of an average year, export 1,234 TMT of sugar.
Mexico is ranked ninth in the world for sugar production, with an average of 4,755 TMT. Mexico's consumption is 4,296 TMT annually. Average imports are 42 TMT, while average exports are 566 TMT of sugar.
Cuba is ranked tenth in average world sugar production and sixteenth in average sugar consumption. What this means is Cuba consumes 663 TMT annually and produces 3,861 TMT a year. Cuba does not normally import any sugar, but they do export 3,157 TMT on average, making them the fifth largest sugar exporter in the world.
Pakistan is ranked eleventh in the world in sugar production, averaging 3,105 of sugar produced per year. Pakistan consumes an average of 3,071 thousand tons of sugar annually, making them the eighth largest consumer in the world. Of this amount, Pakistan imports an average of 213 TMT of sugar, while exporting 242 TMT.
The Ukraine, with 2,896 TMT, is the twelfth largest average annual sugar producer. On the other hand, the Ukraine consumes 2,159 TMT on average, making them the ninth largest sugar consumer in the world. The Ukraine imports an average of 211 TMT annually and exports 1,008 TMT of sugar per year.
In an average year South Africa produces 2,178 TMT of sugar. South Africa will also consume 1,384 TMT of sugar annually. South Africa's average annual imports are 50 TMT, while exports are 825 TMT, making South Africa the world's eighth largest exporter.
Poland will, on average, produce 2,035 TMT of sugar, while at the same time they will consume 1,739 TMT of sugar. Poland imports only 48 TMT of sugar in an average year, but they export 324 TMT of sugar on average.
During the course of an average year, the Philippines will produce 1,732 TMT of sugar and consume 1,901 TMT. The Philippines will also import 330 TMT and export 192 TMT of sugar during an average year.
Argentina, on average, produces 1,497 TMT of sugar and consumes 1,389 TMT. Argentina will also import 68 TMT of sugar and export 156 TMT of sugar. None of these figures rank Argentina anywhere near the top of any category.
Kazakhstan produces only 78 TMT of sugar, while averaging a consumption of 479 TMT. Therefore, Kazakhstan must import an average of 417 TMT of sugar to meet consumption needs. Kazakhstan does not export any sugar.
Information provided courtesy of the USDA Economic and Statistics System and the USDA/NOAA Joint Agricultural Weather Facility.